Armenians in the Middle East

Seljuq Armenia

One Soviet-period writer stories that Armenia’s apricots, peaches, walnuts and quince are “equal or superior to the world’s greatest grades”. Another writes “Armenian peaches are famous, and her brandies are popular throughout the world”.

In 1914, there were 15 factories in the province of Yerevan (the most important the one now owned by Shustov) produced 210,010 deciliters of brandy. In 1921, the Soviet state took over Shustov’s factory armenian women, and it was renamed to “Ararat”.

However, as a result of conflict over Nagorno-Karabakh, virtually all of them emigrated from Armenia to Azerbaijan. Conversely, Armenia acquired a big influx of Armenian refugees from Azerbaijan, thus giving Armenia a extra homogeneous character.

armenian women

This federation, nevertheless, lasted from only February to May 1918, when all three events decided to dissolve it. As a outcome, the Dashnaktsutyun authorities of Eastern Armenia declared its independence on 28 May because the First Republic of Armenia beneath the leadership of Aram Manukian. While Western Armenia still remained underneath Ottoman rule, the Armenians were granted appreciable autonomy inside their very own enclaves and lived in relative concord with other groups in the empire (together with the ruling Turks). However, as Christians underneath a strict Muslim social construction, Armenians confronted pervasive discrimination.

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The Orbelian Dynasty shared control with the Zakarids in various elements of the country, especially in Syunik and Vayots Dzor, while the House of Hasan-Jalalyan controlled provinces of Artsakh and Utik because the Kingdom of Artsakh. It is challenging for the nicely-built-in Armenian community to protect its identification in Italy, because the country is a large Christian nation and there are only few Armenians. Therefore, assimilation is a given, particularly for youthful generations that often do not communicate the Armenian language. On the opposite hand, lots of them study Armenian and are eager to discover more about their culture and really feel proud to keep their identity, as argued by Father Tovma Khachatryan of the Armenian Apostolic Church in Italy.

The church takes delight in educating and decoding the significance of being Armenian and preserving the nation’s id. Among the attentive and curious listeners was Leonardo da Vinci who, upon being impressed by stories of Armenian merchants, decided to visit Cilicia and recorded his impressions about Armenia and its individuals in his notebook. Although several Italian art historians argue that da Vinci’s imaginative and prescient was the result of his creativeness, Josef Strzygowski states that da Vinci visited Armenia. Da Vinci’s geographic and historical descriptions of Armenia in his Codex Atlanticus were exact, which means it is likely he traveled there. I arrived in Milan in January 2013, right after Catholic Christmas and the New Year.

Due to its position between two unfriendly neighbours, Armenia has close security ties with Russia. It maintains good relations with the United States particularly via its Armenian diaspora. According to the US Census Bureau, there are 427,822 Armenians dwelling within the country.

Armenia

Whilst beneath Soviet rule, Armenian classical music composer Aram Khatchaturian grew to become internationally well known for his music, for various ballets and the Sabre Dance from his composition for the ballet Gayane. During Soviet rule, Armenian athletes rose to prominence profitable loads of medals and helping the USSR win the medal standings on the Olympics on quite a few events. The first medal gained by an Armenian in fashionable Olympic historical past was by Hrant Shahinyan, who gained two golds and two silvers in gymnastics on the 1952 Summer Olympics in Helsinki. In football, their most profitable group was Yerevan’s FC Ararat, which had claimed many of the Soviet championships within the 70s and had also gone to publish victories against skilled clubs like FC Bayern Munich within the Euro cup.

First Republic of Armenia

Yerevan Vernissage (arts and crafts market), close to Republic Square, bustles with hundreds of distributors promoting quite a lot of crafts on weekends and Wednesdays (although the selection is far decreased mid-week). The market provides woodcarving, antiques, nice lace, and the hand-knotted wool carpets and kilims which might be a Caucasus speciality. Obsidian, which is found locally, is crafted into assortment of jewelry and decorative objects.

Russian Armenia

Later on, with the conflict in Karabakh, the demonstrations obtained a more nationalistic flavour. Soviet Armenia participated in World War II by sending lots of of 1000’s of soldiers to the front line so as to defend the “Soviet motherland.” Soviet rule had some positive elements. Armenia benefited from the Soviet economic system, especially when it was at its apex. Provincial villages gradually grew to become cities and cities progressively turned cities. During this time, Armenia had a sizeable Azeri minority, principally centred in Yerevan.